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Fundamental Right to Conscientious Objection
Connection e.V.
International Support of Conscientious Objectors and Deserters

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(27.09.2013) 
UN Human Rights Council: Conscientious objection to military service - Resolution of UN Human Rights Council
(17.07.2012) 
European Court of Human Rights: ECHR to Turkey: Judgment to Conscientious Objector Mehmet Tarhan
(05.07.2012) 
Conscientious objection to military service - Resolution 20/2 of UN Human Rights Council, July 5, 2012
(12.06.2012) 
European Court of Human Rights: ECHR to Turkey: Refusal to grant conscientious objector status is not necessary in a democratic society
(17.01.2012) 
European Court of Human Rights: Recognition of the right of conscientious objection - Violations of Articles 3, 6 and 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)
(22.11.2011) 
European Court of Human Rights: The absence of an alternative to military service in Turkey is in breach of the right to conscientious objection
(13.11.2011) 
Minimum Standards for the Qualification of Refugees - Directive of European Union
(07.07.2011) 
European Court of Human Rights: Armenia: Imprisonment of conscientious objector violated Article 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights
(15.05.2011) 
Rudi Friedrich: Conscientious Objection, Desertion and Asylum
(14.05.2011) 
Conscientious Objection and Asylum - Handout for Reasoning Workshop in Jamaika
(02.05.2011) 
Rachel Brett: International Standards on Conscientious Objection to Military Service
(30.03.2011) 
Sarah Paulsworth: Azerbaijan: Detention of Youth Activist Highlights Failure to Provide Alternative to Military Service
(19.04.2004) 
Human Rights Commission: Conscientious objection to military service - Resolution 2004/35, 19 April 2004
(22.04.1998) 
Human Rights Commission: Conscientious objection to military service - Resolution 1998/77, 22 April 1998
UNHCR: Deserters and persons avoiding military service - From UNHCR Handbook

Fundamental Right to Conscientious Objection

by European Union

Article 10

Freedom of thought, conscience and religion

1. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right includes freedom to change religion or belief and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or in private, to manifest religion or belief, in worship, teaching, practice and observance.

2. The right to conscientious objection is recognised, in accordance with the national laws governing the exercise of this right.


Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2000/C 364/01), Article 10. The Charter entered into force December 1, 2009 together with the Treaty of Lisbon. The Charter is binding – with exception of United Kingdom and Poland – upon all member states of European Union. The whole document could be found at www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/pdf/text_en.pdf



Keywords:    ⇒ Conscientious Objection   ⇒ Europe   ⇒ Human Rights   ⇒ International Resolutions

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