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Conscientious objection to military service
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International Support of Conscientious Objectors and Deserters

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(27.09.2013) 
UN Human Rights Council: Conscientious objection to military service - Resolution of UN Human Rights Council
(17.07.2012) 
European Court of Human Rights: ECHR to Turkey: Judgment to Conscientious Objector Mehmet Tarhan
(12.06.2012) 
European Court of Human Rights: ECHR to Turkey: Refusal to grant conscientious objector status is not necessary in a democratic society
(17.01.2012) 
European Court of Human Rights: Recognition of the right of conscientious objection - Violations of Articles 3, 6 and 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)
(22.11.2011) 
European Court of Human Rights: The absence of an alternative to military service in Turkey is in breach of the right to conscientious objection
(13.11.2011) 
Minimum Standards for the Qualification of Refugees - Directive of European Union
(07.07.2011) 
European Court of Human Rights: Armenia: Imprisonment of conscientious objector violated Article 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights
(15.05.2011) 
Rudi Friedrich: Conscientious Objection, Desertion and Asylum
(14.05.2011) 
Conscientious Objection and Asylum - Handout for Reasoning Workshop in Jamaika
(02.05.2011) 
Rachel Brett: International Standards on Conscientious Objection to Military Service
(30.03.2011) 
Sarah Paulsworth: Azerbaijan: Detention of Youth Activist Highlights Failure to Provide Alternative to Military Service
(01.12.2009) 
European Union: Fundamental Right to Conscientious Objection
(19.04.2004) 
Human Rights Commission: Conscientious objection to military service - Resolution 2004/35, 19 April 2004
(22.04.1998) 
Human Rights Commission: Conscientious objection to military service - Resolution 1998/77, 22 April 1998
UNHCR: Deserters and persons avoiding military service - From UNHCR Handbook

Conscientious objection to military service

Resolution 20/2 of UN Human Rights Council, July 5, 2012

The Human Rights Council,

Bearing in mind that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status,

Reaffirming that it is recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights that everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person, as well as the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion and the right not to be discriminated against,

Recalling all previous relevant resolutions and decisions, including Human Rights Council decision 2/102 of 6 October 2006, and Commission on Human Rights resolutions 2004/35 of 19 April 2004 and 1998/77 of 22 April 1998, in which the Commission recognized the right of everyone to have conscientious objection to military service as a legitimate exercise of the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, as laid down in article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and general comment No. 22 (1993) of the Human Rights Committee,

1. Requests the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to prepare, in consultation with all States, relevant United Nations agencies, programmes and funds, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, and national human rights institutions, a quadrennial analytical report on conscientious objection to military service, in particular on new developments, best practices and remaining challenges, and to submit the first report to the Human Rights Council at its twenty-third session, under agenda item 3;

2. Encourages all States, relevant United Nations agencies, programmes and funds, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, and national human rights institutions to cooperate fully with the Office of the High Commissioner by providing relevant information for the preparation of the report on conscientious objection to military service;

3. Calls upon all States to continue to review, as appropriate, their laws, policies and practices relating to conscientious objection to military service, including by considering, inter alia, introducing alternatives to military service, in the light of the present resolution.


Human Rights Council: Resolution 20/2 to Conscientious objection to military service, July 5, 2012. In: Report of the Human Rights Council on its twentieth session. August 3, 2012. A/HRC/20/2



Keywords:    ⇒ Conscientious Objection   ⇒ Human Rights   ⇒ International   ⇒ International Resolutions

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